Alopecia

Alopecia, i.e. hair loss, is groundlessly attributed to men alone. It turns out, however, that about 40% of subjects affected by the problem are women. Hair loss does not have to occur over the entire head area. In some, it may start at the crown while in the others, at the temples. Regardless of the type of hair loss, its consequences are manifested as hair falling out in handfuls while washing as well as growing increasingly weak and thin.

Symptoms of alopecia

There are really many causes of alopecia. Genetic factors, environmental factors, stress, improper diet or improper hair care are of great importance. Most common types of alopecia include androgenic alopecia, spot baldness, and telogen effluvium.

Androgenic (male-type) alopecia is the most common cause of hair loss in males of different age. First symptoms may be observed as early as at the age of 20. It usually starts at the temples and expands in area to form the receding hairline. Due to the cause of the problem consisting in elevated levels of androgens, the problem also affects many women after the age of 30. Spot baldness is a disease in which hair is being shed in bundles from a particular region of the scalp. The disorder consists in the system attacking its own hair follicles. Telogen effluvium may be observed upon the use of certain medications as well as in the course of some infections.

Treatment is just one step away.

The efficacy of treatment depends mainly on the correct diagnosis. Most commonly, products containing minoxidil and finasteride are used in the treatment. Although generally efficient, they sometimes may not deliver the expected results. Hair transplants may be considered in such cases. Currently, the procedure is not as invasive as several years ago. The advances in aesthetic medicine led to the introduction of the FUE method which is currently the most recommended transplantation technique. It consists in individual hair follicles being transplanted for immediate effects without scars or long recovery downtimes.

Alopecia is unjustly associated with men only. It turns out, that as much as 40% of persons affected by this problem are women. Balding does not have to involve hair loss on the entire surface of the head. In some, it begins at the top of the head, while in others – at the temples. Regardless of the type, the effects of balding are noticeable as: falling out during bating, or growing back weaker and thinner.

Signs of balding

There are numerous causes of this problem. Genetic or environmental factors play a great role, as well as stress, poor diet, or improper hair care. Three types of balding are most frequently encountered: androgenic, plaque, or telogen.

Androgenic alopecia, which is also known as masculine-type alopecia, is the most common cause of hair loss among men of all ages. The first symptoms may be visible as early as at the age of 20. It usually begins by the temples, gradually encompassing an increasingly larger surface, and forming so-called receding hairline. Due to the underlying cause of the problem – elevated androgen levels – it also frequently affects women over 30. On the other hand, plaque alopecia is a disease of the skin responsible for hair falling out in bunches in a given area. The disease is caused by the organism attacking its own hair follicles. Telogen balding results from administration of some medical agents or specific infections.

Just one step to the cure

Effectiveness of therapy is determined by accurate diagnosis. Most often used agents contain minoxidil and finasteride. These are effective agents, but in some cases may not yield expected results. Hair transplantation may be worth performing in such cases. Currently, it is not as invasive a procedure as several years ago. Progress in the area of esthetic medicine introduced the FUE method, which is at the moment the most recommended method of transplantation. It involves transplantation of single hair follicles – results are visible immediately, without scarring or long recovery.

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