FUE hair transplant
Hair loss, receding hairline, complete or significant loss of frontal or crown hair, complexes caused by hair loss.
Individuals experiencing complexes caused by hair loss and determined to improve their appearance, well-being, and self-esteem by means of recovering lost hair. Hair transplant reduces the perception of ageing as it restores the earlier, younger look.
The prerequisite for the procedure consists in strong hair being available on the sides or on the back of the head.
The FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) technique
It is no secret that the hair growing on the sides and on the back of the head are stronger than other hair. This can be easily seen on the Norwood hair loss scale. Consequently, attempts had been made at transplanting this hair into hair loss areas such as the receding frontal hairline and the crown. Thus, he sides and the back of the head are referred to as the donor region, as they “donate” the hair for the transplant. The surgeon collects hair follicles from this area.
The FUE technique is the most modern, the least invasive and the best concealable procedure It consists in single hair follicles being collected without the use of a scalpel. Hair transplant is a permanent method of scalp hair restoration. The hair collected from the sides and the back of the head are more resistant to being lost (note that individuals who have lost their hair may still have plenty of hair on the sides and on the backs of their heads). Taking advantage of this knowledge, we are able to transfer this strong and permanent hair into region which require hair thickening or restoration.
The FUE technique does not require the use of the scalpel, and therefore no traces of the procedure are left on the scalp. Hair follicles are collected one after another using a tool with the diameter of 0.8-1.0 mm. The procedure is very labor- and time-consuming yet less invasive than the FUT (strip) procedure, allowing to reduce the number of potential complications and shorten the recovery downtime. In addition, it may be repeated as early as 6 months after the previous procedure.
At the beginning, the cause of hair loss must be determined and the risk of process continuation must be assessed. The treatment methods are different for young patients and patients above the age of 30. After all other options are eliminated, hair transplant should be considered and appropriate method should be chosen.
When a patient decides to undergo a hair transplant procedure, they visit the clinic for precise assessment of the donor region. During the visit, the final proposal for hair reconstruction is formulated. Patient is interviewed in detail and their medical history is completed. Blood analyses are ordered and photographic documentation is established.
The hair transplant is a routine outpatient procedure. The FUE technique facilitates collection of individual microtransplants from the donor region. The assistants group the microtransplants according to the number of hair – usually, one microtransplant contains 1-4 hairs.
After the procedure, patients receive the discharge summary with detailed post-procedural instructions. Every instruction is discussed in detail to resolve any doubts. Normal activity may be resumed on the following day except for strenuous exercise which should be avoided for 2 weeks after the procedure.
• The donor and the transplant area will be reddened. • The donor area will feature small, red holes at follicle collection sites. These will heal after 2-3 days. • Pain sensations following the FUE transplant are very rare. Should they occur, mild painkillers are usually helpful.
• The transplant area should not be touched on the first night. • During the sleep, a small, shaped pillow should be used so that it does not touch the transplant area. • Alcohol should be avoided on the night after the procedure as interactions may occur with the prescribed drugs or drugs received during the procedure.
• Redness or pink discolorations within the donor and transplant area become paler. Scabs will be present on the scalp; these should fall off in 5 days.
The transplanted follicles should not be touched.
• Slight bruising, pink discolorations or scabs may still be visible in the donor and transplant area. They will become paler over the first week after the procedure. • Forehead and orbital region swelling occurs on the second or the third day after the procedure to reach maximum intensity on day 4 and gradually disappear afterwards. Usually, drugs are administered to reduce the swelling.
• The transplanted follicles should not be touched, scratched, or rubbed against. After 4 days, they will become stronger and won’t be explanted by being touched accidentally. • Long-term exposure to sunlight should be avoided. Sunburns may affect skin pigmentation as well as damaged the transplanted hair.
• The transplant area: Follicles have already integrated with the skin so that they won’t be explanted by accidental touch or pulling. If scabs remain on the scalp, they may be removed by rubbing more strongly while the head is being washed. • The donor area: On Day 7, most patients present with no traces of the procedure in the donor area. • Itching: Slight itching and mild burning is the sign of healing.
• The shampoo may be left on the transplanted follicles for 2 to 5 minutes so that the scabs are softened and wash off within 5 days. • Scalp hydration will help with the itching problem.
• The follicles enter the telogen phase and start losing hair stalks. • Some patients may notice pimple-like lesions within the donor and transplant areas. Usually, these lesions resolve spontaneously without any intervention.
• If you start losing your transplanted hair, don’t panic. Continue washing hair as before. Hair may be cut to any style. • Exposure to sunlight should be avoided.
• The transplanted hair starts to grow. The thin and sparse hair will become longer and thicker over the coming months. • Some patients may experience their existing hair becoming thinner; this is referred to as shock-related loss and resolves spontaneously.
• Scalp and hair should be treated as usual. Continue washing as normal. • Longer exposure to sunlight should be avoided.
• The newly grown hair becomes more visible, longer, and thicker. • Follow-up visit is scheduled 6 months after the procedure when most new hair has already grown.
• Head cover should be used in sunlight. If no cover may be used for any reason SPF 30 or higher protection should be used for several months after the procedure.
• The transplanted hair continues to grow and becomes thicker and longer so that they may be done in any fashion.
• Changes in hair texture may be noticed, with new hair being thicker and subsequently followed by normal hair.
• The final outcome is visible.
• We congratulate you on a lifetime change. Enjoy your new hair!
- bleeding time and coagulation profile
- hematology, ESR and blood type, creatinine
Coagulation disorders or the use of blood thinners (e.g. aspirin, acenocoumarol, etc.) hypersensitivity to lidocaine contained in local skin desensitizing agent.