Scars may be an unsightly feature of our bodies. Largely, the perception of their importance depends on us and us alone; however, scars may quite frequently have negative impact on our self-esteem. Scars are built of connective tissue as a result of injuries. The damaged tissue is replaced by connective tissue. It is a natural healing process and its duration depends on the type of injury, care provided to the wound after the injury, as well as individual skin traits. Thus, the process may take several weeks to as much as 2 years.

Causes and symptoms

Injuries are the most common cause of scar formation. However, scars may also be formed as a result of skin inflammation. Individuals with the history of persistent acne may be well familiar with the problem of acne scars. Scars may also form following skin burns; in these cases, recovery of normal skin appearance is most difficult. Other common cause consists in improper suturing of surgical wounds and infections which may develop following such procedures. Some scars disappear spontaneously; however, this pertains only to the mildest form of lesions. Thickened, large scars may be particularly difficult to eliminate. They may be the cause of many symptoms such as itching or tissue contractures. Therefore, scars are not only an aesthetic problem: they may also influence the everyday quality of our lives, particularly when being large and located in well-visible areas. According to specialists, there are more than ten types of scars and each case must be consulted individually before the treatment is initiated.

Removal of scars and beyond: methods for a beautiful skin

Overall technological advances translate to the advancement of methods used in aesthetic surgery. Thanks to this advancement, we are now able to reduce scars to an invisible or hardly visible level. The once-popular chemical and surgical methods have been replaced by painless laser treatments. Laser scar reduction may be applied as early as several months after skin injury. However, the site must be fully healed before the procedure. Depending on the type and the depth of a scar, the physician will determine the frequency and number of procedures required for the best possible effect of restoring the natural appearance of skin.

Smaller scars may be successfully treated by pharmacological methods. Scar care products may be used under physician’s supervision. Most frequently, they are available as gels, creams or peels penetrating deep into the skin. The treatment may last for several months or more than a year, depending on the type of the scar. Silicon-based products were shown to be highly effective. They dry out on the skin and are used along with compression bands. However, they are not useful in the case of acne scars. In this case, antibacterial and whitening agents are recommended.